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Harvard Referencing

Guide to the style of Harvard referencing required by Doncaster College.


Example of citation within the text - Paraphrasing

Children are no more likely to become victims of abuse now than they were in the past (Bilton, 2006)

Example of citation within the text - Direct quote

Bilton (2006) states that there is “ evidence that children are actually any more vulnerable to unscrupulous adults than in times past…” (p.99).

Example of how the reference for this source should appear:

Bilton, T. (2006) Working with children: assessment intervention and representation. Sage. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 13th August 2009].

E-books - points to note

The following format should be used when referencing e-book:

Surname, Initials. (Year) Title. Place of publication: Publisher. [Online] Available from: website address. [Accessed date].

Please note:

  • Place of publication is not always displayed in ebooks if it not explicit you do not need to include it
  • If the author is the same as the publisher you do not need to include the publisher.
  • Some eBooks do not have  have consistent page numbers. Try to be as specific as possible when quoting an electronic source – give a section, paragraph or line number where appropriate

    As yet, there is no fixed standard applied to citing electronic sources – the key is consistency. If you apply a consistent style throughout your work, your reader will be able to understand the information and trace the sources that you have used

    If no individual author is mentioned, try and identify the department/section that is responsible for the Web page i.e. “Kingston University Library”, and treat as a corporate author.