Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
site header image

Harvard Referencing

Guide to the style of Harvard referencing required by Doncaster College.


Example of citation within the text - Paraphrasing

 As demonstrated by Morris et al. (2002) leadership should concern everyone within an organisation, not just senior management.

Example of citation within the text – Direct quote:

 Listening is a skill which all leaders should acquire. Morris et al. (2002) believe that:


showing that you want to listen is one of the things you can do quick to change the way your department feels and to develop strong bond between you and your colleagues (p. 39).


Example of how the reference for this source should appear: 

Morris, S., Willcocks, G, and Knasel, E. (2002) How to lead a winning team. London: Prentice-Hall.

Books with 3 or more authors - points to note

The reference should contain all the authors’ names – you do not put et al. in a reference, it is purely for citation purposes (within the text)

 Again, the order of the authors’ surnames should be retained 

When referring to the book within the text (citing), et al. is used. It literally means “and others”. You are only required to put the first named author followed by et al.

 The convention is italicise et al. followed by a full stop